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The President of Venezuela
Hugo Rafael Chavéz Frias
القائد / هوغو رافائيل تشافيز فرياس

 

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A broad popular sentiment in favor of substantive changes in the conduct of State affairs became evident on December 6, 1998, when 56.24% of voters elected Hugo Chávez Frías Constitutional President of the then Republic of Venezuela. This fact was considered by reputable analysts, domestic and foreign, as one of the most momentous achievements in the political history of contemporary country. With the elections on July 30, 2000, Hugo Chávez Frías crystallized the political project component and is relegitimadoras as President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela with 59.5% of the votes of the Venezuelan people. Subsequently, on December 3, 2006, the First National Representative is ratified in his post through the will of the Venezuelan people, noting before the world its position as one of the most paradigmatic of the late twentieth century and the beginning of the century.

 




 

Human Side :

 

Hugo Rafael Chavez Frias was born in the population llanera Sabaneta, Barinas State, July 28, 1954. A few years later attended classes at the Lycee O'Leary, whose fields on its educational and concluded its student primary and secondary stage. These are the years during which the child and adolescent knows the world under the care of the grandmother Rosa Ines Chavez.

 
By the year 1975 the couple barinés graduates of the Military Academy of Venezuela with the degree of Subteniente, after graduating in Military Arts and Sciences, mention Terrestrial Communications specialty. It was this Academy in the house where he was born his passion for the ideals of our Liberator Simón Bolívar. He went after his brilliant military career to ascend to the level of Lieutenant Colonel in 1990. Subsequently conducted postgraduate studies at the University Simón Bolívar, in the specialty of Political Science. His performance in numerous professional responsibilities and their close contact with various communities let you live the political and social tragedy suffered by the Republic at that time, he justifies his being in the search for new alternatives to respond to the political crisis and economic embargo on the Nation.

In other areas of his life on President Chavez has given countless samples have a great artistic sensibility and a special predilection for baseball, the most popular sport in Venezuela. Some stories, poems and paintings are the fruit of his inclination towards the artistic and cultural events and his great love for knowledge.

Moreover, it is possible to find in Hugo Chávez's father for four children: Rosa Virginia, Maria Gabriela, Hugo Rafael and Rosinés.



The revolutionary beginnings :

The vocation of passionate fighter and defender of social justice, in this Hugo Chávez Frías, has been evidenced in the most critical times in the recent history of our homeland. This is demonstrated by its actions, to embark in 1982 (year bicentennial of the birth of El Libertador) the creation of the Bolivarian Army 200 (EB-200) through the symbolic oath of three captains for the Advancement Simón Bolívar (Jesus Urdaneta Hernandez, Felipe Acosta Carlés and Hugo Chávez Frías), at the foot of Saman of Guero, a symbol of the three roots: Bolivar, robinsoniana and Zamora, of the revolution. In 1989, after the insurrection of February 27, the EB-200 became MBR-200; civic-military group that participated at the forefront of the movement of February 4, 1992.

On this historic day, Lieutenant Colonel Hugo Chávez, to any risk, he led the action of a group of young officers of the Armed Forces, who rebelled against a political and social order characterized by corruption and injustice. The fight for this noble group and those who accompanied them was not in vain, even if as a result of the gesture undertaken, Hugo Chávez was imprisoned.

But in 1994, as a result of the demands of the Venezuelan people, then-president Rafael Caldera gave him the freedom to the leader of the uprising, giving him and several of his colleagues fight the dismissal of the case that kept prisoners. Since then began a new chapter in the history of the Venezuelan people's struggles.


From prison-place devoted to the study, reflection and analysis of national and international reality-Hugo Chávez sale to go all patriotic confines, claiming libertarian ideals and justice that were enthusiastically shared by a large segment of the Venezuelan population. Case then, along with a qualified group of brothers in arms, the V Republic Movement. This political organization, together with many other organizations such as the Movement for Socialism (MAS), Homeland For All (PPT), Communist Party of Venezuela (PCV), People's Electoral Movement (MEP) and a broad spectrum of bodies civil society, catapulted him as Judge of the First Nation.
 

 
 
 

On December 6, 1998 he was elected as new President of the Republic candidate of the Patriotic Pole, Army Lieutenant Colonel Hugo Rafael Chavez Frias, who earned the victory with 56% of the votes, about 16 points on its most important adversary .


1999: Year of the Refoundation of the Republic :

The start of the new judiciary was flying in the presidential proposal to merge the Republic by supreme democratic appeal of a National Constituent Assembly. That proposal was supported on a majority through direct suffrage, universal and secret ballot, conducted on 15 December 1999. It was reinstated with a democratic, participatory, protagonist, multiethnic and multicultural; framed in a decentralized state and federal courts that ensures the right to life, work, culture, education, social justice and equality without discrimination nor any subordination.


This fact turned Hugo Chávez Frías in the propeller of a new historic cycle for the Nation, by virtue of that with him, the old power structures are cracking, and eventually ceded collapse; emerging then, by all the pores of society Forces and currents alternative exchange impregnated hopeful demands and unpublished challenges. Thus, the political model formed on the coordinates of the so-called Pact of Punto Fijo came to an end and a new country was open passage between its rubble.



2000: Year of relegitimadoras of Powers :

As he foresaw the constituent power, commanders were relegitimadoras public in Megaelecciones conducted on 30 July 2000. He came again when the voice of the people at an event so momentous as multitudinous, where Hugo Chávez Frias was reelected, keeping his investiture as head of state to preside over the destiny of the nation until 2006. The First National Representative received 3 million 757 thousand 773 votes, equivalent to a percentage of 59.76%. It is, therefore, the last Venezuelan President of the twentieth century and the first of the new millennium.

Since 2000, after completing the Megaelecciones, is home to the V Republic, which aims peacefully transform the traditional bases of State for a new model, revolutionary and peaceful, laying its foundations upon approval of the new constitution and National Assembly , Among others.


2001: Year of the enabling legislation :

Two major groups of enabling legislation were activated by President Hugo Chávez between 1999 and 2001. These include tax laws, the elimination of some public bodies, modernization of administrative procedures and relations between government and the private sector. During this year, President Hugo Chávez also specifically created the establishment of microfinance, as well as laws governing the production activities of the private sector. Also, reforming the Hydrocarbons Law and establishing the Bank of Economic and Social Development of Venezuela. It thus takes over the oil industry as a company belonging to the Nation.

Also, the document is designed Outline Plan for Economic and Social Development 2001-2007 which is based on the interaction of the five pillars of balance: economic, social, political, territorial and international levels. In this way, Venezuela became the first country in the continent that managed to build a strategic economic-social agenda beyond the recipes of international agencies like the International Monetary Fund and World Bank designed to americas America and the Caribbean.

2002: Year of Anti-Imperial Resistance :

The year 2002 was marked by the coup engendered since the call for work stoppage promoted by the Federation of Chambers and trade associations and Production of Venezuela (Fedecamaras). Such a call was ending the events on 11, 12 and April 13 of that year, when the opposition groups that the government failed in its attempt to permanently remove from office the First National Representative, under which the actions of militant groups loyal to the government and most popular, brought back . Hugo Chávez Frías to presidential command.

Subsequently, the magnanimity of President leads him to invoke the constructive dialogue for the sake of the country. As a unique, Hugo Chávez asked forgiveness for the errors which had committed. However, the desires of political opposition groups re-emphasize the violent departure of Head of State and promote the oil coup. Again, the President must face hard circumstances due to the fact that most of the leadership oil, act qualified as treason, inflicting severe damage to the population, through the kidnapping technician industry.


2003: Year of the Revolutionary Contre - Ofensive and Victory of Anti Imperialism:

The decision, courage and firmness of President Hugo Chávez Frías are crucial to succeed in union of sovereign people and its military forces, the pitfall of unseen proportions that represented the imperialist attack perpetrated against Venezuela. Despite the oil sabotage, during 2003 PDVSA increased its profits by 1.5 billion dollars, reaching a saving of 3,100 million dollars.

Following the coup of April 11, 2002 and the oil sabotage of December of that year, the government of Hugo Chávez Frías developed an international campaign to inform the world about the true political and economic situation in Venezuela, achieving thus clarify some wrong information or manipulated that confused many leaders and peoples of other areas. Also, the Venezuelan foreign policy successfully extended with the signing of bilateral agreements on energy, food, commercial, industrial policy promoted by the government of President.


2004: Year of the Great Victoria People's Revolution. :

On August 15, 2004 can be regarded as one of the dates of highest significance in the recent political history of the country. On that occasion, and for the first time in our nation, is a popular referendum to assess the governance of the President. The result of this event and participating democracy protagonist was an overwhelming victory in favour of the adoption of the presidential mandate of Hugo Chávez Frías, Marco thus a milestone in the history national, continental and global levels, to become the first Head of State who undergoes this kind of specific query in the world.

2005: Year of the Leap Forward, towards the construction of Socialism of the XXI Century

During this year the government administration of President Hugo Chávez Frías managed to position the influence and expansion of the social missions. These programs are contributed to the advent of new institutions and new social vision that founded the revolutionary process, since giving up structures emerging viability institutional change where several organizations transcend the exclusive areas of competence to achieve a common goal.

Also, in order to break with traditional patterns of the world economy, management of president Hugo Chávez got the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela began to walk on an autonomous and independent of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, promoters of the bodies neoliberal policies of empire. In this sense, became a reality the proposal conceived and promoted by the President of the Republic: born Bolivarian alternative for the americas, ALBA, promoting genuine union of peoples to counteract the effects of the treaty of the Free Trade Area of the americas, FTAA.

Another aspect which represented a major step forward for our country, was its entry into the Southern Common Market (Mercosur) and the acceleration of measures that allowed the location of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by 9.4% during 2005, marking nine consecutive quarters of sustained economic growth. Alike, increased production of iron, aluminum and steel beating historical records; increased agricultural production in different fields, trade and international investment, among others. Inflation closed at 14.4% this year.


2006: Year of the Popular Participation :

The year 2006 brought a new opportunity to ratify both the democratic legitimacy, as the transcendence and the prolongation of the Project Simón Bolívar 2000. This was found with the victory obtained by the popular president Hugo Chávez in the elections on December 3 this year.

Similarly, during this period Bolivarian government activity achieved and inaugurated series of infrastructure projects aimed at improving the physical conditions of several cities, as well as the increase in the loan quality of public services to the whole society through such works and support social missions.

Similarly, with the objective of strengthening the economic sovereignty of Venezuela and directing oil revenues to strengthen social plans of government, PDVSA-invested under the Plan Siembra Petrolera-5 thousand 940 million dollars in the country, for the development of the Caribbean Project Delta Industrial Complex Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho and transoceanic gas pipeline infrastructure (Colombia, Panama and Venezuela) as well as for development of sub-Magna Reserve project aimed at treating the Orinoco Oil Belt.

Today, with the backing of the Venezuelan people and recognition of the governments of the international community, President Hugo Chávez has again called for unity and to constructive dialogue to make the homeland in which everyone has a place and participation, sheltered in efficient functioning of the institutions and respect for the laws.


Struggles, innovative proposals and the exercise of power based on equality and justice, located at President Hugo Chávez Frías as one of the most charismatic leaders, admired and beloved throughout the world.


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